There are many kinds of tea. The most common are black, green, white, pu-erh (red) and oolung (blue) tea. These are the basic information you should know about each of them.
It is well-known tea - undergone a process of full fermentation. The brew may have a dark intensive color, but more often is vivid reddish. Black teas come from the many Indian, Chinese and African plantations. The most aromatic tea comes from the Darjeeling district in northern India. Known and appreciated are also teas from Assam and Ceylon. Black tea can be sold in the form of leaves, broken leaves, powder and dust. Manufacturers often enrich leaves with fruit pieces, nuts, chocolate, vanilla, caramel or rum. These colorful mixtures have lovely smell and great taste.
Green tea comes from the same plant as black. The only difference is that the green tea has not been undergone a process of fermentation. Freshly harvested leaves are subjected to evaporation, drying and curling. In many regions, high-quality green tea is produced with a classic ancient method of doing all the things manually. The taste of green tea is more bitter than black and the brew has a lighter, lemon yellow color. It is highly appreciated thanks to numerous health properties. Infusion of green tea is rich in vitamins C, E, B, minerals and tannins. Increasingly popular are becoming flavored green teas with addition of flowers or fruits.
Tea produced on a small-scale mainly in China. White tea harvest takes place in early spring when the plant wakes up from hibernation. During the production process it is subjected only to a wilting and drying. Chinese teas are considered as a delicacy among teas. The white teas tend to be enriched with fruit flavors.
Red tea of Chinese emperors from the province of Yunnan is famous for its health properties. It reduces body fat, regulates cholesterol level and supports digestion, hence known primarily as a "slimming tea". Gives a dark brown, "dense" infusion of earthy flavor.
Oolong tea, known also as blue is a half-fermented tea being produced in China and Taiwan (Formosa). The Formosa ones are fermented a little longer, hence their brew is a bit darker than the Chinese.